spf at metro
Jul 21, 2004, 3:17 AM
Post #2 of 2
Re: wizard setup for multiple domains on 1 IP
[In reply to]
What you need to do is publish spf records for all of the domains you want to protect
against forgery. For example, suppose you run your MTA for domain1.com and domain2.com.
You then need to publish spf records for both these domains, and these spf records should
contain the servers that are allowed to send mail for those domains.
Now, i don't know what your situation is, but you need to determine what servers do send
mail for these domains. If, for example, your own MTA has the ip 18.104.22.168, and this is
the only outgoing server that is used to send mail from domain1.com and domain2.com you
would publish "v=spf1 ip4:22.214.171.124 -all". If domain1.com and domain2.com resolve to 126.96.36.199
you could also say "v=spf1 a -all".
Remember what SPF records are for: they publish for a domain which servers are
permitted to send mail pretending to be from that domain. As a corollary, you will
also need to publish spf records for subdomains of domain?.com. Suppose you have an
explicit A record for www.domain1.com, and you never send mail that is from that
subdomain (eg. user [at] www), you would publish "v=spf1 -all" for that
subdomain, saying 'no mail server is permitted to send mail pretending to be from
You might also want to look at: http://spf.pobox.com/mechanisms.html. A wizard is nice,
but it sure helps to understand what the output of the wizard actually means.
Hope this helps. Any more questions: just ask!
On Tue, Jul 20, 2004 at 01:30:57PM -0700, Dave Nathanson wrote:
> I'm really not sure of the correct answers to put into the SPF wizard.
> Maybe you can help me understand.
> I have a email server with about 20 domains. It's just my friends & club
> members, none of us are spammers. It's not an open relay, and only my
> friends and club members can get an email account on my server. I host
> the email server on a DSL line. The DSL ISP is not interested in setting
> up a reverse DNS record for me, and even if they did, that would only be
> for 1 of the 20 domain names.
> I have a number of "alias accounts" which only forward email, others are
> full POP3 mailboxes. Does that change anything? I'm running CommuniGate
> Pro email server. When I check my server at www.DNSStuff.com, they say my
> mail mx is properly set up & reverses ok. It's a static IP & never changes.
> One domain I have is sbamug.com if you look it up, you can see the ip
> number (188.8.131.52) and name (adsl-66-159-201-77.dslextreme.com). I
> find it interested that the SPF Wizard says it finds 2 mx for me, both
> the domain I'm looking up, and also the other name for the same machine;
> So there are several names for my mail server:
> sbamug.com (one of my several domains)
> and then these 3 are the same no matter which domain I am talking about:
> 184.108.40.206 (public IP)
> 192.168.2.220 (my side of the router)
> Should I set up one domain for SPF, and add all the other domain names
> under it?
> Do I just use the 2 names of mydomain.com and (adsl-66-159-201-
> Should I use the name my ISP uses for my IP address as the "official" mx?
> All of my domains are on a single IP number. ZoneEdit does allow for a
> text record in the DNS, so if I knew what to put in there, I could
> support SPF records in my DNS.
> Is it best to just accept the default info that the wizard gives me?
> Since I have several domains, and I'm not sure to use the ISP's name or
> my domains names, I'm confused about what to do with this. I don't want
> to make things worse by entering incorrect data.
> Any suggestions?
> Dave Nathanson
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