roy at panix
Aug 5, 2012, 11:39 AM
Post #4 of 41
Re: Looking for a good introduction to object oriented programming with Python
[In reply to]
<8f1b60a5-0411-4aae-9ee6-0025b493ca2d [at] m13g2000vbd>,
Jean Dubois <jeandubois314 [at] gmail> wrote:
> Can someone here on this list give a trivial example of what object
> oriented programming is, using only Python?
OOP seems to mean different things to different people. What OOP means
to you is usually a strong function of whatever OOP language you learned
first. That being said, I think the fundamental, universal, core
principle of OOP is that an object contains some data, and some code
that knows how to do something with that data.
So, to give you a simple (but real-life) example, the system I'm working
in now has User objects. A user is a pretty complicated class, but
here's some simple methods from it:
def __eq__(self, other):
return isinstance(other, (User, AnonymousUser)) \
and self.user_id == other.user_id
return '<User %d: %r>' % (self.user_id, self.username)
This defines a few basic behaviors for User objects.
First, it defines how to tell if something is equal to a given User
object. The something must itself be a User (ignore the minor
complication about AnonymousUser for the moment), and it must have the
same user_id as this one. I could easily imagine lots of other possible
ways two users could be considered equal (same username, for example),
but we're using user_id. This means I can write:
if user1 == user2:
print "they're the same"
and I don't have to worry about (or even know about) the details. In
fact, sometime long after I've written that code, somebody could define
some new kind of HighSecurityUser which tests for equality by comparing
the scanned retina images for both of them. My code wouldn't have to
change; it would magically just start enforcing retina matching.
Likewise, I can write:
logger.warning("%r did something interesting", user)
and I don't have to know anything about how to print a User. The User
knows how to print itself.