robert at leblancnet
Jul 3, 2007, 7:29 AM
Post #5 of 5
On 7/3/07 1:55 AM, "Martin Schiøtz" <malinux [at] gmail> wrote:
> On 7/3/07, Grant Taylor <gtaylor [at] riverviewtech> wrote:
>> On 7/3/2007 1:52 AM, Martin Schiøtz wrote:
>>> I'm going to setup a bridged NAT linux box for many users. I want one
>>> outside IP address to serve for instance 10.0.0.0/22.
>> Why do this with bridging? If you have a 10.0.0.0/22 network like you
>> say, it is private and thus not globally routable. So, to reach the
>> internet you will have to NAT to a globally routable IP. Thus you have
>> a private subnet and a public subnet which is an ideal environment for a
>> layer 3 router. Even if you are not going to a public IP but rather
>> another private IP, the same scenario holds true.
>> Or are you for some wanting wanting to perform a layer 3 function on
>> layer 2? If so, can I ask why?
> Ok, I think your right here.
>>> I want to be sure that each local IP address always has 1024 NAT
>>> sessions available and that sessions is kept even if the timeout is
>>> reached. If 1024 sessions is reached and a new session is being
>>> established then it will take over the oldest (timed out) session.
>> I'm not sure that you will be able to specify how many NAT sessions each
>> system will have and / or how to control the expiration there of. I do
>> know that you will have (or did have to in previous kernels) to have a
>> fair amount of RAM for the connection tracking table to not wrap on a
>> network of that size.
>>> Is this possible with iptables?
>> The first part of what you want to do (layer 2 or layer 3) NATing, yes.
>> As far as controlling how many sessions are reserved / maintained even
>> beyond timeouts, I don't know. I'm betting not, especially to the latter.
> I guess the question was more about controlling the number of NAT
> sessions pr. lokal IP address?
If you give iptables a range, it will try to do as little port mangeling as
possible, so I beilieve it will try to hold onto connections as long as
possible. We saw quite a performance when we moved our 100 users from one
Natted address to 64. I guess the mangeling made that much of a difference.
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