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svn commit: r1068306 [18/22] - in /forrest/site: docs_0_100/ docs_0_100/howto/ docs_0_100/howto/cvs-ssh/ docs_0_100/howto/multi/ docs_0_100/images/ pluginDocs/plugins_0_100/ trash/ trash/docs_0_50/ trash/docs_0_70/

 

 

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crossley at apache

Feb 8, 2011, 1:44 AM

Post #1 of 1 (316 views)
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svn commit: r1068306 [18/22] - in /forrest/site: docs_0_100/ docs_0_100/howto/ docs_0_100/howto/cvs-ssh/ docs_0_100/howto/multi/ docs_0_100/images/ pluginDocs/plugins_0_100/ trash/ trash/docs_0_50/ trash/docs_0_70/

Added: forrest/site/docs_0_100/sitemap-ref.html
URL: http://svn.apache.org/viewvc/forrest/site/docs_0_100/sitemap-ref.html?rev=1068306&view=auto
==============================================================================
--- forrest/site/docs_0_100/sitemap-ref.html (added)
+++ forrest/site/docs_0_100/sitemap-ref.html Tue Feb 8 09:44:46 2011
@@ -0,0 +1,1497 @@
+<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/loose.dtd">
+<html>
+<head>
+<META http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=UTF-8">
+<meta content="Apache Forrest" name="Generator">
+<meta name="Forrest-version" content="0.10-dev">
+<meta name="Forrest-skin-name" content="pelt">
+<title>Forrest Sitemap Reference (v0.10-dev)</title>
+<link type="text/css" href="../skin/basic.css" rel="stylesheet">
+<link media="screen" type="text/css" href="../skin/screen.css" rel="stylesheet">
+<link media="print" type="text/css" href="../skin/print.css" rel="stylesheet">
+<link type="text/css" href="../skin/profile.css" rel="stylesheet">
+<script src="../skin/getBlank.js" language="javascript" type="text/javascript"></script><script src="../skin/getMenu.js" language="javascript" type="text/javascript"></script><script src="../skin/fontsize.js" language="javascript" type="text/javascript"></script>
+<link rel="shortcut icon" href="../favicon.ico">
+</head>
+<body onload="init()">
+<script type="text/javascript">ndeSetTextSize();</script>
+<div id="top">
+<!--+
+ |breadtrail
+ +-->
+<div class="breadtrail">
+<a href="http://www.apache.org/">Apache Software Foundation</a> &gt; <a href="http://forrest.apache.org/">Apache Forrest</a><script src="../skin/breadcrumbs.js" language="JavaScript" type="text/javascript"></script>
+</div>
+<!--+
+ |header
+ +-->
+<div class="header">
+<!--+
+ |start group logo
+ +-->
+<div class="grouplogo">
+<a href="http://www.apache.org/"><img class="logoImage" alt="Apache" src="../images/apache-forrest.png" title="The Apache Software Foundation"></a>
+</div>
+<!--+
+ |end group logo
+ +-->
+<!--+
+ |start Project Logo
+ +-->
+<div class="projectlogo">
+<a href="http://forrest.apache.org/"><img class="logoImage" alt="Forrest" src="../images/project-logo.gif" title="Apache Forrest"></a>
+</div>
+<!--+
+ |end Project Logo
+ +-->
+<!--+
+ |start Search
+ +-->
+<div class="searchbox">
+<form action="http://www.google.com/search" method="get" class="roundtopsmall">
+<input value="forrest.apache.org" name="sitesearch" type="hidden"><input onFocus="getBlank (this, 'Search the site with google');" size="25" name="q" id="query" type="text" value="Search the site with google">&nbsp;
+ <input name="Search" value="Search" type="submit">
+</form>
+</div>
+<!--+
+ |end search
+ +-->
+<!--+
+ |start Tabs
+ +-->
+<ul id="tabs">
+<li>
+<a class="unselected" href="../index.html">Welcome</a>
+</li>
+<li>
+<a class="unselected" href="../contrib.html">Developers</a>
+</li>
+<li class="current">
+<a class="selected" href="../versions/index.html">Versioned Docs</a>
+</li>
+<li>
+<a class="unselected" href="../pluginDocs/index.html">Plugins</a>
+</li>
+<li>
+<a class="unselected" href="../tools/index.html">Tools</a>
+</li>
+</ul>
+<!--+
+ |end Tabs
+ +-->
+</div>
+</div>
+<div id="main">
+<div id="publishedStrip">
+<!--+
+ |start Subtabs
+ +-->
+<div id="level2tabs">
+<a class="unselected" href="../docs_0_90/index.html">0.90 (current)</a><a class="selected" href="../docs_0_100/index.html">0.100-dev (under development)</a><a class="unselected" href="../docs_0_80/index.html">0.80 (past)</a>
+</div>
+<!--+
+ |end Endtabs
+ +-->
+<script type="text/javascript"><!--
+document.write("Last Published: " + document.lastModified);
+// --></script>
+</div>
+<!--+
+ |breadtrail
+ +-->
+<div class="breadtrail">
+
+ &nbsp;
+ </div>
+<!--+
+ |start Menu, mainarea
+ +-->
+<!--+
+ |start Menu
+ +-->
+<div id="menu">
+<div onclick="SwitchMenu('menu_selected_1.1', '../skin/')" id="menu_selected_1.1Title" class="menutitle" style="background-image: url('../skin/images/chapter_open.gif');">0.100-dev</div>
+<div id="menu_selected_1.1" class="selectedmenuitemgroup" style="display: block;">
+<div class="menuitem">
+<a href="../docs_0_100/index.html">Overview</a>
+</div>
+<div class="menuitem">
+<a href="../docs_0_100/your-project.html">Using Forrest</a>
+</div>
+<div onclick="SwitchMenu('menu_1.1.3', '../skin/')" id="menu_1.1.3Title" class="menutitle">How-To</div>
+<div id="menu_1.1.3" class="menuitemgroup">
+<div class="menuitem">
+<a href="../docs_0_100/howto/index.html">Overview</a>
+</div>
+<div onclick="SwitchMenu('menu_1.1.3.2', '../skin/')" id="menu_1.1.3.2Title" class="menutitle">Install Forrest</div>
+<div id="menu_1.1.3.2" class="menuitemgroup">
+<div class="menuitem">
+<a href="../docs_0_100/build.html" title="Build and install the current unreleased version">Building Forrest from Source</a>
+</div>
+</div>
+<div class="menuitem">
+<a href="../docs_0_100/upgrading_010.html">Upgrading to 0.10-dev</a>
+</div>
+<div onclick="SwitchMenu('menu_1.1.3.4', '../skin/')" id="menu_1.1.3.4Title" class="menutitle">Customize Forrest</div>
+<div id="menu_1.1.3.4" class="menuitemgroup">
+<div class="menuitem">
+<a href="../docs_0_100/sitemap-explain.html">Sitemaps explained</a>
+</div>
+<div class="menuitem">
+<a href="../docs_0_100/howto/howto-custom-html-source.html">Custom html source</a>
+</div>
+<div class="menuitem">
+<a href="../docs_0_100/project-sitemap.html">Project sitemap</a>
+</div>
+<div class="menuitem">
+<a href="../docs_0_100/howto/howto-editcss.html">Edit CSS (WYSIWYG)</a>
+</div>
+<div class="menuitem">
+<a href="../docs_0_100/howto/howto-pdf-tab.html" title="Generate one pdf-document for all pages of a tab">Create tab PDF</a>
+</div>
+<div class="menuitem">
+<a href="../docs_0_100/howto/howto-corner-images.html">CSS corner SVG</a>
+</div>
+</div>
+<div onclick="SwitchMenu('menu_1.1.3.5', '../skin/')" id="menu_1.1.3.5Title" class="menutitle">Integrate Forrest with tools</div>
+<div id="menu_1.1.3.5" class="menuitemgroup">
+<div class="menuitem">
+<a href="../docs_0_100/howto/howto-forrest-from-maven.html">Maven Integration</a>
+</div>
+<div class="menuitem">
+<a href="../docs_0_100/catalog.html">Using DTD Catalogs</a>
+</div>
+</div>
+<div onclick="SwitchMenu('menu_1.1.3.6', '../skin/')" id="menu_1.1.3.6Title" class="menutitle">Extend Forrest</div>
+<div id="menu_1.1.3.6" class="menuitemgroup">
+<div class="menuitem">
+<a href="../docs_0_100/howto/howto-buildPlugin.html">Build a Plugin</a>
+</div>
+<div class="menuitem">
+<a href="../docs_0_100/skin-package.html">Package new Skins</a>
+</div>
+</div>
+<div class="menuitem">
+<a href="../docs_0_100/howto/howto-asf-mirror.html">Download mirror</a>
+</div>
+<div onclick="SwitchMenu('menu_1.1.3.8', '../skin/')" id="menu_1.1.3.8Title" class="menutitle">Adding Documentation</div>
+<div id="menu_1.1.3.8" class="menuitemgroup">
+<div class="menuitem">
+<a href="../howto-howto.html" title="Instructions for writing a new howto-document">Write a How-to</a>
+</div>
+<div onclick="SwitchMenu('menu_1.1.3.8.2', '../skin/')" id="menu_1.1.3.8.2Title" class="menutitle">Multipage HowTo</div>
+<div id="menu_1.1.3.8.2" class="menuitemgroup">
+<div class="menuitem">
+<a href="../docs_0_100/howto/multi/howto-multi.html">Introduction</a>
+</div>
+<div class="menuitem">
+<a href="../docs_0_100/howto/multi/step1.html">Step 1</a>
+</div>
+<div class="menuitem">
+<a href="../docs_0_100/howto/multi/step2.html">Step 2</a>
+</div>
+<div class="menuitem">
+<a href="../docs_0_100/howto/multi/step3.html">Step 3</a>
+</div>
+</div>
+</div>
+</div>
+<div class="menuitem">
+<a href="../docs_0_100/faq.html">FAQs</a>
+</div>
+<div onclick="SwitchMenu('menu_selected_1.1.5', '../skin/')" id="menu_selected_1.1.5Title" class="menutitle" style="background-image: url('../skin/images/chapter_open.gif');">Background</div>
+<div id="menu_selected_1.1.5" class="selectedmenuitemgroup" style="display: block;">
+<div class="menuitem">
+<a href="../docs_0_100/linking.html">Menus and Linking</a>
+</div>
+<div class="menuitem">
+<a href="../docs_0_100/searching.html">Search Options in Forrest</a>
+</div>
+<div class="menuitem">
+<a href="../docs_0_100/locationmap.html">Locationmap</a>
+</div>
+<div class="menuitem">
+<a href="../docs_0_100/properties.html">Properties system</a>
+</div>
+<div class="menupage">
+<div class="menupagetitle">Sitemap Reference</div>
+</div>
+<div class="menuitem">
+<a href="../docs_0_100/skins.html" title="About default skins, their naming and features">Skins</a>
+</div>
+<div class="menuitem">
+<a href="../docs_0_100/status-themes.html">Dispatcher versus Skins</a>
+</div>
+<div class="menuitem">
+<a href="../docs_0_100/cap.html">Sourcetype Action</a>
+</div>
+<div class="menuitem">
+<a href="../docs_0_100/validation.html">XML validation and entity resolution</a>
+</div>
+</div>
+<div class="menuitem">
+<a href="../docs_0_100/changes.html">Changes</a>
+</div>
+<div class="menuitem">
+<a href="../docs_0_100/glossary.html">Glossary</a>
+</div>
+<div onclick="SwitchMenu('menu_1.1.8', '../skin/')" id="menu_1.1.8Title" class="menutitle">Reference docs</div>
+<div id="menu_1.1.8" class="menuitemgroup">
+<div onclick="SwitchMenu('menu_1.1.8.1', '../skin/')" id="menu_1.1.8.1Title" class="menutitle">DTD documentation</div>
+<div id="menu_1.1.8.1" class="menuitemgroup">
+<div class="menuitem">
+<a href="../dtdx/dtd-docs.html">Overview</a>
+</div>
+<div class="menuitem">
+<a href="../dtdx/document-v20.dtdx.html">document-v20</a>
+</div>
+<div class="menuitem">
+<a href="../dtdx/howto-v20.dtdx.html">howto-v20</a>
+</div>
+<div class="menuitem">
+<a href="../dtdx/faq-v20.dtdx.html">faq-v20</a>
+</div>
+<div class="menuitem">
+<a href="../dtdx/document-v13.dtdx.html">document-v13</a>
+</div>
+<div class="menuitem">
+<a href="../dtdx/howto-v13.dtdx.html">howto-v13</a>
+</div>
+<div class="menuitem">
+<a href="../dtdx/faq-v13.dtdx.html">faq-v13</a>
+</div>
+</div>
+<div onclick="SwitchMenu('menu_1.1.8.2', '../skin/')" id="menu_1.1.8.2Title" class="menutitle">Doc samples</div>
+<div id="menu_1.1.8.2" class="menuitemgroup">
+<div class="menuitem">
+<a href="../dtdx/document-v13.html">document-v13</a>
+</div>
+<div class="menuitem">
+<a href="../dtdx/document-v20.html">document-v20</a>
+</div>
+</div>
+</div>
+<div onclick="SwitchMenu('menu_1.1.9', '../skin/')" id="menu_1.1.9Title" class="menutitle">Older Docs</div>
+<div id="menu_1.1.9" class="menuitemgroup">
+<div class="menuitem">
+<a href="../docs_0_100/primer.html">Forrest Primer</a>
+</div>
+<div class="menuitem">
+<a href="../docs_0_100/libre-intro.html">Libre</a>
+</div>
+<div class="menuitem">
+<a href="../docs_0_100/dreams.html">Dream list</a>
+</div>
+<div class="menuitem">
+<a href="../docs_0_100/howto/cvs-ssh/howto-cvs-ssh.html">CVS over SSH</a>
+</div>
+</div>
+</div>
+<div id="credit">
+<hr>
+ This is documentation for development version v0.10-dev
+ (<a href="http://forrest.apache.org/versions/">More</a>)</div>
+<div id="roundbottom">
+<img style="display: none" class="corner" height="15" width="15" alt="" src="../skin/images/rc-b-l-15-1body-2menu-3menu.png"></div>
+<!--+
+ |alternative credits
+ +-->
+<div id="credit2">
+<a href="http://www.apache.org/events/current-event.html"><img border="0" title="ApacheCon" alt="ApacheCon - logo" src="http://www.apache.org/events/current-event-125x125.png" style="width: 125px;height: 125px;"></a>
+</div>
+</div>
+<!--+
+ |end Menu
+ +-->
+<!--+
+ |start content
+ +-->
+<div id="content">
+<div class="trail">Font size:
+ &nbsp;<input value="Reset" class="resetfont" title="Reset text" onclick="ndeSetTextSize('reset'); return false;" type="button">
+ &nbsp;<input value="-a" class="smallerfont" title="Shrink text" onclick="ndeSetTextSize('decr'); return false;" type="button">
+ &nbsp;<input value="+a" class="biggerfont" title="Enlarge text" onclick="ndeSetTextSize('incr'); return false;" type="button">
+</div>
+<h1>Forrest Sitemap Reference</h1>
+<div id="front-matter">
+<div id="motd-area">
+ This is documentation for development version v0.10-dev
+ (<a href="http://forrest.apache.org/versions/">More</a>)</div>
+<div id="minitoc-area">
+<ul class="minitoc">
+<li>
+<a href="#getting_started">Getting started</a>
+</li>
+<li>
+<a href="#overview">Sitemap Overview</a>
+</li>
+<li>
+<a href="#source_pipelines">Source pipelines (**.xml)</a>
+<ul class="minitoc">
+<li>
+<a href="#forrest_xmap">forrest.xmap</a>
+</li>
+<li>
+<a href="#other_source">Other source pipelines</a>
+<ul class="minitoc">
+<li>
+<a href="#late_binding_pipelines">Late-binding pipelines</a>
+</li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+<li>
+<a href="#output_pipelines">Output pipelines</a>
+<ul class="minitoc">
+<li>
+<a href="#pdf">PDF output</a>
+</li>
+<li>
+<a href="#html">HTML output</a>
+</li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+<li>
+<a href="#intermediate_pipelines">Intermediate pipelines</a>
+<ul class="minitoc">
+<li>
+<a href="#body_pipeline">Page body</a>
+</li>
+<li>
+<a href="#menu_pipeline">Page menu</a>
+</li>
+<li>
+<a href="#tab_pipeline">Page tabs</a>
+</li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+<li>
+<a href="#resolvingResources">Resolving Resources</a>
+</li>
+<li>
+<a href="#menu_generation_impl">Menu XML generation</a>
+</li>
+<li>
+<a href="#linkrewriting_impl">Link rewriting</a>
+<ul class="minitoc">
+<li>
+<a href="#input_modules">Cocoon foundations: Input Modules</a>
+</li>
+<li>
+<a href="#implement_rewriting">Implementing "site:" rewriting</a>
+<ul class="minitoc">
+<li>
+<a href="#cocoon_xconf">cocoon.xconf</a>
+</li>
+<li>
+<a href="#sitemap">sitemap.xmap</a>
+</li>
+<li>
+<a href="#dynamic_linkmap">Dynamically generating a linkmap</a>
+</li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+</ul>
+</li>
+</ul>
+</div>
+</div>
+
+<p>
+ Technically, Forrest can be thought of as a
+ <a href="http://cocoon.apache.org/2.1/">Cocoon</a> distribution that has been stripped
+ down and optimized for people with simple site publishing needs. Central
+ to Cocoon, and hence Forrest, is the <strong>sitemap</strong>. The sitemap
+ defines the site's URI space (what pages are available), and how each page
+ is constructed. Understanding the sitemap is the key to understanding
+ Forrest.
+ </p>
+
+<div class="note">
+<div class="label">Note</div>
+<div class="content">
+ We advise you to spend time to understand the Apache Cocoon sitemap. See
+ <a href="http://cocoon.apache.org/2.1/userdocs/concepts/sitemap.html">Cocoon sitemap</a> and
+ <a href="http://cocoon.apache.org/2.1/userdocs/concepts/">Cocoon concepts</a> and related
+ component documentation. It is also necessary to understand the "**" and
+ "*" pattern matching and replacements. See the email thread: "Re: explain
+ sitemap matches and pass parameters to transformers"
+ <a href="http://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/FOR-874">FOR-874</a>.
+ </div>
+</div>
+
+<p>
+ This document provides an overview of the special sitemap which is used at
+ the core of Apache Forrest.
+ </p>
+
+<div class="warning">
+<div class="label">Warning</div>
+<div class="content">
+ The example sitemap fragments might be out-of-date because since this
+ document was written, the core sitemaps in main/webapp/ have changed and
+ some of the specialised processing has moved to plugins. View your source
+ sitemaps when reading this document. (See
+ <a href="https://issues.apache.org/jira/browse/FOR-922">FOR-922</a>.)
+ </div>
+</div>
+
+<a name="getting_started"></a>
+<h2 class="underlined_10">Getting started</h2>
+<div class="section">
+<p>
+ Forrest's sitemap comprises the multiple
+ $FORREST_HOME/main/webapp/*.xmap files. The main one is
+ <strong>sitemap.xmap</strong> which delegates to others, including to
+ sitemaps in the various
+ <a href="../pluginDocs/plugins_0_100/pluginInfrastructure.html">plugins</a>.
+ </p>
+<p>
+ You can add pre-processing sitemaps to your project
+ <span class="codefrag">src/documentation</span> directory (or wherever
+ <span class="codefrag">${project.sitemap-dir}</span> points to). Any match that is not
+ handled, passes through to be handled by the default Forrest sitemaps -
+ obviously extremely powerful. The capability is described in
+ "<a href="../docs_0_100/project-sitemap.html">Using project sitemaps</a>".
+ </p>
+<p>
+ Another way to experiment with the sitemap is to do '<span class="codefrag">forrest
+ run</span>' on a Forrest-using site. Making changes to the core
+ <span class="codefrag">*.xmap</span> files will now be immediately effective at
+ <span class="codefrag">http://localhost:8888/</span>
+
+</p>
+</div>
+
+<a name="overview"></a>
+<h2 class="underlined_10">Sitemap Overview</h2>
+<div class="section">
+<p>
+ Forrest's sitemap is divided both physically and logically. The most
+ obvious is the physical separation. There are a number of separate
+ *.xmap files, each defining pipelines for a functional area. Each *.xmap
+ file has its purpose documented in comments at the top. Here is a brief
+ overview of the files, in order of importance.
+ </p>
+<table class="ForrestTable" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="4">
+
+<tr>
+
+<th colspan="1" rowspan="1"><strong>sitemap.xmap</strong>
+ </th>
+ <td colspan="1" rowspan="1">Primary sitemap file, which delegates responsibility for serving
+ certain URIs to the others (technically called sub-sitemaps). More
+ about the structure of this file later.</td>
+
+</tr>
+
+<tr>
+
+<th colspan="1" rowspan="1">forrest.xmap</th>
+ <td colspan="1" rowspan="1">Sitemap defining Source pipelines, which generate the body section
+ of Forrest pages. All pipelines here deliver XML in Forrest's
+ intermediate "document-v13" format, regardless of originating source
+ or format.</td>
+
+</tr>
+
+<tr>
+
+<th colspan="1" rowspan="1">menu.xmap</th>
+ <td colspan="1" rowspan="1">Pipelines defining the XML that becomes the menu.</td>
+
+</tr>
+
+<tr>
+
+<th colspan="1" rowspan="1">linkmap.xmap</th>
+ <td colspan="1" rowspan="1">Defines a mapping from abstract ("site:index") to physical
+ ("index.html") links for the current page. See
+ <a href="../docs_0_100/linking.html">Menus and Linking</a> for a conceptual
+ overview, and the <a href="#linkrewriting_impl">Link
+ rewriting</a> section for technical details.</td>
+
+</tr>
+
+<tr>
+
+<th colspan="1" rowspan="1">resources.xmap</th>
+ <td colspan="1" rowspan="1">Serves "resource" files (images, CSS, Javascript).</td>
+
+</tr>
+
+<tr>
+
+<th colspan="1" rowspan="1">raw.xmap</th>
+ <td colspan="1" rowspan="1">Serves files located in <span class="codefrag">src/documentation/content/xdocs</span>
+ that are not to be modified by Forrest.</td>
+
+</tr>
+
+<tr>
+
+<th colspan="1" rowspan="1">plugins.xmap</th>
+ <td colspan="1" rowspan="1">Provides access to the plugins descriptor files.</td>
+
+</tr>
+
+<tr>
+
+<th colspan="1" rowspan="1">aggregate.xmap</th>
+ <td colspan="1" rowspan="1">Generates a single page (HTML or PDF) containing all the content
+ for the site.</td>
+
+</tr>
+
+<tr>
+
+<th colspan="1" rowspan="1">faq.xmap</th>
+ <td colspan="1" rowspan="1">Processes FAQ documents.</td>
+
+</tr>
+
+<tr>
+
+<th colspan="1" rowspan="1">status.xmap</th>
+ <td colspan="1" rowspan="1">Generates <a href="../docs_0_100/changes.html">changes</a> and
+ <a href="../todo.html">todo</a> pages from a single
+ <span class="codefrag">status.xml</span> in the project root.
+ </td>
+
+</tr>
+
+<tr>
+
+<th colspan="1" rowspan="1">issues.xmap</th>
+ <td colspan="1" rowspan="1">Generates a page of content from an RSS feed. Used in Forrest to
+ generate a "current issues" list from JIRA.</td>
+
+</tr>
+
+<tr>
+
+<th colspan="1" rowspan="1">revisions.xmap</th>
+ <td colspan="1" rowspan="1">
+ Support for HOWTO documents that want "revisions". Revisions are
+ XML snippets containing comments on the main XML file. The main
+ pipeline here automatically appends a page's revisions to the
+ bottom.
+ </td>
+
+</tr>
+
+<tr>
+
+<th colspan="1" rowspan="1">dtd.xmap</th>
+ <td colspan="1" rowspan="1">A Source pipeline that generates XML from a DTD, using Andy
+ Clark's
+ <a href="http://www.apache.org/~andyc/neko/doc/dtd/index.html">DTD
+ Parser</a>. Useful for documenting DTD-based XML schemas, such
+ as <a href="../docs_0_100/../dtdx/dtd-docs.html">Forrest's own DTDs</a>.
+ </td>
+
+</tr>
+
+<tr>
+
+<th colspan="1" rowspan="1">profiler.xmap</th>
+ <td colspan="1" rowspan="1">Defines the "profiler" pipeline. allowing pipelines to be benchmarked.</td>
+
+</tr>
+
+</table>
+</div>
+<!--
+ <section>
+ <title>Logical structure</title>
+ <p>There are a few major groups of sitemap pipelines</p>
+ <dl>
+ <dt>Content pipelines</dt>
+ <dd>These define the body (without menu and header) for HTML pages, and all the content of PDFs.</dd>
+ <dt>Menu pileines.
+ </dl>
+ </section>
+ -->
+
+<a name="source_pipelines"></a>
+<h2 class="underlined_10">Source pipelines (**.xml)</h2>
+<div class="section">
+<p>
+ Most *.xmap files (forrest, aggregate, faq, status, issues, revisions,
+ dtd) define Source pipelines. Source pipelines define the content (body)
+ XML for site pages. The input XML format can be any format
+ (document-v13, Docbook, RSS, FAQ, Howto) and from any source (local or
+ remote). The output format is always Forrest's intermediate
+ "document-v13" format.
+ </p>
+<p>
+ Source pipelines always have a "<span class="codefrag">.xml</span>" extension. Thus,
+ <a href="index.xml">index.xml</a> gives you the XML source for the
+ index page. Likewise, <a href="faq.xml">faq.xml</a> gives you XML
+ for the FAQ (transformed from FAQ syntax), and
+ <a href="changes.xml">changes.xml</a> returns XML from the
+ status.xml file. Take any page, and replace its extension
+ (<span class="codefrag">.html</span> or <span class="codefrag">.pdf</span>) with <span class="codefrag">.xml</span> and
+ you'll have the Source XML.
+ </p>
+<p>
+ This is quite powerful, because we now have an abstraction layer, or
+ "virtual filesystem", on which the rest of Forrest's sitemap can build.
+ Subsequent layers don't need to care whether the XML was obtained
+ locally or remotely, or from what format. Wikis, RSS, FAQs and Docbook
+ files are all processed identically from here on.
+ </p>
+<pre class="code">
+ (subsequent Forrest pipelines)
+ |
+--------+------------------------^------------------------------------------
+ | STANDARD FORREST FORMAT (current document-v13)
+ +-----^-------^--------^------------^------^-----^-----^------^-----
+SOURCE | | | | | | | |
+FORMATS doc-v11 doc-v13 doc-v20 ... Docbook FAQ Howto Wiki RSS ??
+(*.xml)
+ (in forrest.xmap, faq.xmap, etc)
+ </pre>
+<a name="forrest_xmap"></a>
+<h3 class="underlined_5">forrest.xmap</h3>
+<p>
+ Most of the usual Source pipelines are defined in
+ <span class="codefrag">forrest.xmap</span> which is the default (fallback) handler for
+ <span class="codefrag">**.xml</span> pages. The forrest.xmap uses the
+ <a href="../docs_0_100/cap.html">SourceTypeAction</a> to determine the type of
+ XML it is processing, and converts it to document-v13 if necessary.
+ </p>
+<p>
+ For instance, say we are rendering <a href="../howto-howto.html">a
+ Howto document</a> called "howto-howto.xml". It contains this
+ DOCTYPE declaration:
+ </p>
+<pre class="code">
+&lt;!DOCTYPE howto PUBLIC "-//APACHE//DTD How-to V1.3//EN"
+ "http://forrest.apache.org/dtd/howto-v13.dtd"&gt;</pre>
+<p>
+ The SourceTypeAction sees this, and applies this transform to get it
+ to document-v13:
+ </p>
+<pre class="code">
+
+ &lt;map:when test="howto-v13"&gt;
+ &lt;map:transform src="{forrest:forrest.stylesheets}/howto-to-document.xsl" /&gt;
+ &lt;/map:when&gt;
+
+ </pre>
+<a name="other_source"></a>
+<h3 class="underlined_5">Other source pipelines</h3>
+<p>
+ As mentioned above, all non-core Source pipelines are distributed in
+ independent <span class="codefrag">*.xmap</span> files. There is a block of
+ <span class="codefrag">sitemap.xmap</span> which simply delegates certain requests to
+ these subsitemaps:
+ </p>
+<pre class="code">
+
+&lt;!-- Body content --&gt;
+ &lt;map:match pattern="**.xml"&gt;
+ &lt;map:match pattern="locationmap.xml"&gt;
+ &lt;map:generate src="{forrest:forrest.locationmap}" /&gt;
+ &lt;map:serialize type="xml"/&gt;
+ &lt;/map:match&gt;
+ &lt;map:match pattern="plugins.xml"&gt;
+ &lt;map:mount uri-prefix="" src="plugins.xmap" check-reload="yes" /&gt;
+ &lt;/map:match&gt;
+ &lt;map:match pattern="pluginDocs/plugins_(.*)/index(|\.source).xml" type="regexp"&gt;
+ &lt;map:mount uri-prefix="" src="plugins.xmap" check-reload="yes" /&gt;
+ &lt;/map:match&gt;
+ &lt;map:match pattern="linkmap.*"&gt;
+ &lt;map:mount uri-prefix="" src="linkmap.xmap" check-reload="yes" /&gt;
+ &lt;/map:match&gt;
+ &lt;map:match pattern="**faq.xml"&gt;
+ &lt;map:mount uri-prefix="" src="faq.xmap" check-reload="yes" /&gt;
+ &lt;/map:match&gt;
+ &lt;map:match pattern="community/**index.xml"&gt;
+ &lt;map:mount uri-prefix="" src="forrest.xmap" check-reload="yes" /&gt;
+ &lt;/map:match&gt; ....
+ ....
+ </pre>
+<a name="late_binding_pipelines"></a>
+<h4>Late-binding pipelines</h4>
+<p>
+ One point of interest here is that the sub-sitemap is often not
+ specific about which URLs it handles, and relies on the caller (the
+ section listed above) to only pass relevant requests to it. We term
+ this "binding a URL" to a pipeline.
+ </p>
+<p>
+ For instance, the main pipeline in <span class="codefrag">faq.xmap</span> matches
+ <span class="codefrag">**.xml</span>, but only <span class="codefrag">**faq.xml</span> requests are
+ sent to it.
+ </p>
+<p>
+ This "late binding" is useful, because the whole URL space is
+ managed in <span class="codefrag">sitemap.xmap</span> and not spread over lots of
+ *.xmap files. For instance, say you wish all <span class="codefrag">*.xml</span>
+ inside a "<span class="codefrag">faq/</span>" directory to be processed as FAQs. Just
+ override <span class="codefrag">sitemap.xmap</span> and redefine the relevant source
+ matcher:
+ </p>
+<pre class="code">
+
+ &lt;map:match pattern="**faq.xml"&gt;
+ &lt;map:mount uri-prefix="" src="faq.xmap" check-reload="yes" /&gt;
+ &lt;/map:match&gt;
+ </pre>
+</div>
+
+<a name="output_pipelines"></a>
+<h2 class="underlined_10">Output pipelines</h2>
+<div class="section">
+<p>
+ To recap, we now have a <span class="codefrag">*.xml</span> pipeline defined for each
+ page in the site, emitting standardized XML. These pipeline definitions
+ are located in various *.xmap files, notably forrest.xmap
+ </p>
+<p>
+ We now wish to render the XML from these pipelines to output formats
+ like HTML and PDF.
+ </p>
+<a name="pdf"></a>
+<h3 class="underlined_5">PDF output</h3>
+<div class="note">
+<div class="label">Note</div>
+<div class="content">
+ PDF is now generated via the org.apache.forrest.plugin.output.pdf
+ plugin.
+ </div>
+</div>
+<p>
+ Easiest case first; PDFs don't require menus or headers, so we can
+ simply transform our intermediate format into XSL:FO, and from there
+ to PDF. This is done by the following matches in
+ <span class="codefrag">output.xmap</span> from the pdf plugin ...
+ </p>
+<pre class="code">
+
+ &lt;!-- Match requests for XSL:FO documents --&gt;
+ &lt;map:match type="regexp" pattern="^(.*?)([^/]*).fo$"&gt;
+ &lt;map:select type="exists"&gt;
+ &lt;map:when test="{lm:project.{1}{2}.fo}"&gt;
+ &lt;map:generate src="{lm:project.{1}{2}.fo}"/&gt;
+ &lt;/map:when&gt;
+ &lt;map:otherwise&gt;
+ &lt;map:aggregate element="site"&gt;
+ &lt;map:part src="cocoon://module.properties.properties"/&gt;
+ &lt;map:part src="cocoon://skinconf.xml"/&gt;
+ &lt;map:part src="cocoon://{1}{2}.xml"/&gt;
+ &lt;/map:aggregate&gt;
+ &lt;map:transform type="xinclude"/&gt;
+ &lt;map:transform type="<a href="#linkrewriting_impl">linkrewriter</a>" src="cocoon://{1}linkmap-{2}.fo"/&gt;
+ &lt;map:transform src="{lm:pdf.transform.document.fo}"&gt;
+ &lt;map:parameter name="imagesdir" value="{properties:resources.images}/"/&gt;
+ &lt;map:parameter name="xmlbasedir" value="{properties:content.xdocs}{1}"/&gt;
+ &lt;map:parameter name="path" value="{1}"/&gt;
+ &lt;/map:transform&gt;
+ &lt;/map:otherwise&gt;
+ &lt;/map:select&gt;
+ &lt;map:serialize type="xml"/&gt;
+ &lt;/map:match&gt;
+
+ </pre>
+<p>
+ This section of the pipeline matches requests for XSL:FO
+ documents by using a regular expression match to break the
+ request into directory (.*?) and filename ([^/]*) parts. If
+ the XSL:FO document exists in the project (the
+ <span class="codefrag">exists</span> selector), it is used; otherwise, the
+ XSL:FO is generated:
+ </p>
+<ol>
+
+<li>
+ The properties input module, skinconf and the <a href="#source_pipelines">source document</a> are
+ combined into an aggregate
+ </li>
+
+<li>
+ XInclude elements are processed
+ </li>
+
+<li>
+ Links are rewritten
+ </li>
+
+<li>
+ The source as generated from the preceding steps is
+ transformed by the stylesheet with the locationmap hint
+ <span class="codefrag">pdf.transform.document.fo</span> and serialized as
+ the final XSL:FO document
+ </li>
+
+</ol>
+<pre class="code">
+
+ &lt;!-- Match requests for PDF documents --&gt;
+ &lt;map:match type="regexp" pattern="^(.*?)([^/]*).pdf$"&gt;
+ &lt;map:select type="exists"&gt;
+ &lt;map:when test="{lm:project.{1}{2}.pdf}"&gt;
+ &lt;map:read src="{lm:project.{1}{2}.pdf}"/&gt;
+ &lt;/map:when&gt;
+ &lt;map:when test="{lm:project.{1}{2}.fo}"&gt;
+ &lt;map:generate src="{lm:project.{1}{2}.fo}"/&gt;
+ &lt;map:transform type="i18n"&gt;
+ &lt;map:parameter name="locale" value="{../locale}"/&gt;
+ &lt;/map:transform&gt;
+ &lt;map:serialize type="fo2pdf"/&gt;
+ &lt;/map:when&gt;
+ &lt;map:otherwise&gt;
+ &lt;map:generate src="cocoon://{1}{2}.fo"/&gt;
+ &lt;map:transform type="i18n"&gt;
+ &lt;map:parameter name="locale" value="{../locale}"/&gt;
+ &lt;/map:transform&gt;
+ &lt;map:serialize type="fo2pdf"/&gt;
+ &lt;/map:otherwise&gt;
+ &lt;/map:select&gt;
+ &lt;/map:match&gt;
+
+ </pre>
+<p>
+ This next section of the pipeline matches requests for PDF
+ documents in a manner similar to the previous match for
+ XSL:FO documents. If the PDF document exists in the project,
+ it is passed directly to the client. If the XSL:FO document
+ exists for the requested PDF, the XSL:FO is serialized by
+ the fo2pdf serializer and passed to the client as PDF (after
+ i18n is handled by the i18n transformer). When neither PDF
+ nor XSL:FO exists, XSL:FO is generated by the match
+ described above, i18n elements are processed for the current
+ locale, and the result is serialized as PDF.
+ </p>
+<a name="html"></a>
+<h3 class="underlined_5">HTML output</h3>
+<p>
+ Generating HTML pages is more complicated, because we have to merge
+ the page body with a menu and tabs, and then add a header and footer.
+ Here is the <span class="codefrag">*.html</span> matcher in <span class="codefrag">sitemap.xmap</span>
+ ...
+ </p>
+<pre class="code">
+
+ 1 &lt;map:match pattern="*.html"&gt;
+ 2 &lt;map:aggregate element="site"&gt;
+ 3 &lt;map:part src="cocoon:/skinconf.xml"/&gt;
+ 4 &lt;map:part src="cocoon:/build-info"/&gt;
+ 5 &lt;map:part src="<a href="#tab_pipeline">cocoon:/tab-{0}</a>"/&gt;
+ 6 &lt;map:part src="<a href="#menu_pipeline">cocoon:/menu-{0}</a>"/&gt;
+ 7 &lt;map:part src="<a href="#body_pipeline">cocoon:/body-{0}</a>"/&gt;
+ 8 &lt;/map:aggregate&gt;
+ 9 &lt;map:call resource="skinit"&gt;
+ 10 &lt;map:parameter name="type" value="transform.site.xhtml"/&gt;
+ 11 &lt;map:parameter name="path" value="{0}"/&gt;
+ 12 &lt;/map:call&gt;
+ 13 &lt;/map:match&gt;
+
+ </pre>
+<p>
+ So <a href="index.html">index.html</a> is formed by
+ aggregating <span class="codefrag">skinconf.xml</span>,
+ <span class="codefrag">build-info</span>, <a href="body-index.html">body-index.html</a> and <a href="menu-index.html">menu-index.html</a> and <a href="tab-index.html">tab-index.html</a> and then
+ applying the <span class="codefrag">site-to-xhtml.xsl</span> stylesheet to
+ the result.
+ </p>
+<p>
+ The conversion from <span class="codefrag">transform.site.xhtml</span> to
+ <span class="codefrag">site-to-xhtml.xsl</span> (line 10 above) is handled by
+ the locationmap in this fragment from
+ <span class="codefrag">locationmap-transforms.xml</span>:
+ </p>
+<pre class="code">
+
+ &lt;match pattern="transform.*.*"&gt;
+ &lt;select&gt;
+ &lt;location src="{properties:skins-dir}{forrest:forrest.skin}/xslt/html/{1}-to-{2}.xsl" /&gt;
+ &lt;location src="{forrest:forrest.context}/skins/{forrest:forrest.skin}/xslt/html/{1}-to-{2}.xsl"/&gt;
+ &lt;location src="{forrest:forrest.context}/skins/common/xslt/html/{1}-to-{2}.xsl"/&gt;
+ &lt;location src="{forrest:forrest.stylesheets}/{1}-to-{2}.xsl"/&gt;
+ &lt;/select&gt;
+ &lt;/match&gt;
+
+ </pre>
+<p>
+ There is a nearly identical matcher for HTML files in subdirectories:
+ </p>
+<pre class="code">
+
+ &lt;map:match pattern="**/*.html"&gt;
+ &lt;map:aggregate element="site"&gt;
+ &lt;map:part src="cocoon:/skinconf.xml"/&gt;
+ &lt;map:part src="cocoon:/build-info"/&gt;
+ &lt;map:part src="<a href="#tab_pipeline">cocoon:/{1}/tab-{2}.html</a>"/&gt;
+ &lt;map:part src="<a href="#menu_pipeline">cocoon:/{1}/menu-{2}.html</a>"/&gt;
+ &lt;map:part src="<a href="#body_pipeline">cocoon:/{1}/body-{2}.html</a>"/&gt;
+ &lt;/map:aggregate&gt;
+ &lt;map:call resource="skinit"&gt;
+ &lt;map:parameter name="type" value="transform.site.xhtml"/&gt;
+ &lt;map:parameter name="path" value="{0}"/&gt;
+ &lt;/map:call&gt;
+ &lt;/map:match&gt;
+
+ </pre>
+</div>
+
+<a name="intermediate_pipelines"></a>
+<h2 class="underlined_10">Intermediate pipelines</h2>
+<div class="section">
+<a name="body_pipeline"></a>
+<h3 class="underlined_5">Page body</h3>
+<p>
+ Here is the matcher which generates the page body:
+ </p>
+<pre class="code">
+
+ 1 &lt;map:match pattern="**body-*.html"&gt;
+ 2 &lt;map:generate src="cocoon:/{1}{2}.xml"/&gt;
+ 3 &lt;map:transform type="idgen"/&gt;
+ 4 &lt;map:transform src="{lm:transform.xml.xml-xpointer-attributes}"/&gt;
+ 5 &lt;map:transform type="xinclude"/&gt;
+ 6 &lt;map:transform type="<a href="#linkrewriting_impl">linkrewriter</a>" src="cocoon:/{1}linkmap-{2}.html"/&gt;
+ 7 &lt;map:transform src="{lm:transform.html.broken-links}" /&gt;
+ 8 &lt;map:call resource="skinit"&gt;
+ 9 &lt;map:parameter name="type" value="transform.xdoc.html"/&gt;
+ 10 &lt;map:parameter name="path" value="{1}{2}.html"/&gt;
+ 11 &lt;map:parameter name="notoc" value="false"/&gt;
+ 12 &lt;/map:call&gt;
+ 13 &lt;/map:match&gt;
+
+ </pre>
+<ol>
+
+<li>In our matcher pattern, {1} will be the directory (if any) and {2}
+ will be the filename.</li>
+
+<li>First, we obtain XML content from a source pipeline</li>
+
+<li>
+<p>
+ We then apply a custom-written
+ <span class="codefrag">IdGeneratorTransformer</span>, which ensures that every
+ &lt;section&gt; has an "id" attribute if one is not supplied, by
+ generating one from the &lt;title&gt; if necessary. For example,
+ &lt;idgen&gt; will transform:
+ </p>
+
+<pre class="code">
+ &lt;section&gt;
+ &lt;title&gt;How to boil eggs&lt;/title&gt;
+ ...
+ </pre>
+
+<p>
+ into:
+ </p>
+
+<pre class="code">
+ &lt;section id="How+to+boil+eggs"&gt;
+ &lt;title&gt;How to boil eggs&lt;/title&gt;
+ ...
+ </pre>
+
+<p>
+ Later, the <span class="codefrag">document-to-html.xsl</span> stylesheet
+ will create an &lt;a name&gt; element for every section,
+ allowing this section to be referred to as
+ <span class="codefrag">index.html#How+to+boil+eggs</span>. <span class="codefrag">document-to-html.xsl</span>
+ is looked up by the key <span class="codefrag">transform.xdoc.html</span>
+ in the locationmap in line 9 above. See
+ <span class="codefrag">locationmap-transforms.xml</span> for this match.
+ </p>
+
+</li>
+
+<li>We then expand XInclude elements.</li>
+
+<li>and <a href="#linkrewriting_impl">rewrite links</a>..</li>
+
+<li>and then finally apply the stylesheet that generates a fragment of
+ HTML (minus the outer elements like
+ &lt;html&gt; and &lt;body&gt;) suitable for merging with the menu and tabs.</li>
+
+</ol>
+<a name="menu_pipeline"></a>
+<h3 class="underlined_5">Page menu</h3>
+<p>
+ In the <span class="codefrag">sitemap.xmap</span> file, the matcher generating HTML for
+ the menu is:
+ </p>
+<pre class="code">
+
+ 1 &lt;map:match pattern="**menu-*.html"&gt;
+ 2 &lt;map:generate src="cocoon:/{1}book-{2}.html"/&gt;
+ 3 &lt;map:transform type="<a href="#linkrewriting_impl">linkrewriter</a>" src="cocoon:/{1}linkmap-{2}.html"/&gt;
+ 4 &lt;map:transform src="{lm:transform.html.broken-links}" /&gt;
+ 5 &lt;map:call resource="skinit"&gt;
+ 6 &lt;map:parameter name="type" value="transform.book.menu"/&gt;
+ 7 &lt;map:parameter name="path" value="{1}{2}.html"/&gt;
+ 8 &lt;/map:call&gt;
+ 9 &lt;map:serialize type="xml"/&gt;
+ 10 &lt;/map:match&gt;
+
+ </pre>
+<p>
+ We get XML from a "book" pipeline,
+ <a href="#linkrewriting_impl">rewrite links</a>, and apply the
+ <span class="codefrag">book-to-menu.xsl</span> stylesheet to generate HTML.
+ </p>
+<p>
+ How the menu XML is actually generated (the *book-*.html pipeline) is
+ sufficiently complex to require a
+ <a href="#menu_generation_impl">section of its own</a>.
+ </p>
+<a name="tab_pipeline"></a>
+<h3 class="underlined_5">Page tabs</h3>
+<pre class="code">
+
+ &lt;map:match pattern="**tab-*.html"&gt;
+ &lt;map:mount uri-prefix="" src="tabs.xmap" check-reload="yes" /&gt;
+ &lt;/map:match&gt;
+
+ </pre>
+<p>
+ And the match from <span class="codefrag">tabs.xmap</span>:
+ </p>
+<pre class="code">
+
+ 1 &lt;map:match pattern="**tab-*.html"&gt;
+ 2 &lt;map:generate src="{lm:project.tabs.xml}"/&gt;
+ 3 &lt;map:transform type="xinclude"/&gt;
+ 4 &lt;map:select type="config"&gt;
+ 5 &lt;map:parameter name="value" value="{properties:forrest.i18n}"/&gt;
+ 6 &lt;map:when test="true"&gt;
+ 7 &lt;map:act type="locale"&gt;
+ 8 &lt;map:transform src="{lm:transform.book.book-i18n}"/&gt;
+ 9 &lt;map:transform type="i18n"&gt;
+ 10 &lt;map:parameter name="locale" value="{locale}"/&gt;
+ 11 &lt;/map:transform&gt;
+ 12 &lt;/map:act&gt;
+ 13 &lt;/map:when&gt;
+ 14 &lt;/map:select&gt;
+ 15 &lt;map:transform type="<a href="#linkrewriting_impl">linkrewriter</a>" src="cocoon:/{1}linkmap-{2}.html"/&gt;
+ 16 &lt;map:call resource="skinit"&gt;
+ 17 &lt;map:parameter name="type" value="transform.tab.menu"/&gt;
+ 18 &lt;map:parameter name="path" value="{1}{2}.html"/&gt;
+ 19 &lt;/map:call&gt;
+ 20 &lt;/map:match&gt;
+
+ </pre>
+<p>
+ All the smarts are in the <span class="codefrag">tab-to-menu.xsl</span>
+ stylesheet (resolved by the locationmap in line 17), which
+ needs to choose the correct tab based on the current path.
+ Currently, a "longest matching path" algorithm is
+ implemented. See the <span class="codefrag">tab-to-menu.xsl</span> stylesheet
+ for details.
+ </p>
+</div>
+
+<a name="resolvingResources"></a>
+<h2 class="underlined_10">Resolving Resources</h2>
+<div class="section">
+<p>
+ Many resources are resolved by the locationmap. This allow us to provide
+ many alternative locations for a file without cluttering up the sitemap
+ with multiple processing paths. We use a strict naming convention to
+ help make the sitemaps more readable. This is described in the
+ <a href="../docs_0_100/locationmap.html#namingConvention">Locationmap</a>
+ documentation.
+ </p>
+</div>
+
+<a name="menu_generation_impl"></a>
+<h2 class="underlined_10">Menu XML generation</h2>
+<div class="section">
+<p>
+ The "book" pipeline is defined in <span class="codefrag">sitemap.xmap</span> as:
+ </p>
+<pre class="code">
+
+ &lt;map:match pattern="**book-*.html"&gt;
+ &lt;map:mount uri-prefix="" src="menu.xmap" check-reload="yes" /&gt;
+ &lt;/map:match&gt;
+
+ </pre>
+<p>
+ Meaning that it is defined in the <span class="codefrag">menu.xmap</span> file. In there
+ we find the real definition, which is quite complicated, because there
+ are three supported menu systems (see <a href="../docs_0_100/linking.html">menus
+ and linking</a>). We will not go through the sitemap itself
+ (menu.xmap), but will instead describe the logical steps involved:
+ </p>
+<ol>
+
+<li>Take site.xml and expand hrefs so that they are all
+ root-relative.</li>
+
+<li>
+<p>
+ Depending on the <span class="codefrag">forrest.menu-scheme</span> property, we now
+ apply one of the two algorithms for choosing a set of menu links
+ (described in <a href="../docs_0_100/linking.html#menu_generation">menu
+ generation</a>):
+ </p>
+
+<ul>
+
+<li>
+<p>
+ For "@tab" menu generation, we first ensure each site.xml node
+ has a tab attribute (inherited from a parent if necessary), and
+ then pass through nodes whose tab attribute matches that of the
+ "current" node.
+ </p>
+
+<p>
+ For example, say our current page's path is
+ <span class="codefrag">community/howto/index.html</span>. In
+ <span class="codefrag">site.xml</span> we look for the node with this
+ "<span class="codefrag">href</span>" and discover its "<span class="codefrag">tab</span>"
+ attribute value is "<span class="codefrag">howtos</span>". We then prune the
+ <span class="codefrag">site.xml</span>-derived content to contain only nodes with
+ <span class="codefrag">tab="howtos"</span>.
+ </p>
+
+<p>
+ All this is done with XSLT, so the sitemap snippet does not
+ reveal this complexity:
+ </p>
+
+<pre class="code">
+
+ &lt;map:transform src="resources/stylesheets/site-to-site-normalizetabs.xsl" /&gt;
+ &lt;map:transform src="resources/stylesheets/site-to-site-selectnode.xsl"&gt;
+ &lt;map:parameter name="path" value="{1}{2}"/&gt;
+ &lt;/map:transform&gt;
+
+ </pre>
+</li>
+
+<li>
+<p>
+ For "directory" menu generation, we simply use an
+ <span class="codefrag">XPathTransformer</span> to include only pages in the
+ current page's directory, or below:
+ </p>
+
+<pre class="code">
+
+&lt;map:transform type="xpath"&gt;
+ &lt;map:parameter name="include" value="//*[@href='{1}']" /&gt;
+&lt;/map:transform&gt;
+
+ </pre>
+
+<p>
+ Here, the "<span class="codefrag">{1}</span>" is the directory part of the
+ current page. So if our current page is
+ <span class="codefrag">community/howto/index.html</span> then "<span class="codefrag">{1}</span>"
+ will be <span class="codefrag">community/howto/</span> and the transformer will
+ include all nodes in that directory.
+ </p>
+</li>
+
+</ul>
+
+<p>
+ We now have a <span class="codefrag">site.xml</span> subset relevant to our current
+ page.
+ </p>
+</li>
+
+<li>The "<span class="codefrag">href</span>" nodes in this are then made relative to the
+ current page.</li>
+
+<li>The XML is then transformed into a legacy "<span class="codefrag">book.xml</span>"
+ format, for compatibility with existing stylesheets, and this XML
+ format is returned (hence the name of the matcher:
+ <span class="codefrag">**book-*.html</span>).</li>
+
+</ol>
+</div>
+
+<a name="linkrewriting_impl"></a>
+<h2 class="underlined_10">Link rewriting</h2>
+<div class="section">
+<p>
+ In numerous places in <span class="codefrag">sitemap.xmap</span> you will see the
+ "linkrewriter" transformer in action. For example:
+ </p>
+<pre class="code">
+&lt;map:transform type="linkrewriter" src="cocoon:/{1}linkmap-{2}.html"/&gt;
+ </pre>
+<p>
+ This statement is Cocoon's linking system in action. A full description
+ is provided in <a href="../docs_0_100/linking.html">Menus and Linking</a>. Here
+ we describe the implementation of linking.
+ </p>
+<a name="input_modules"></a>
+<h3 class="underlined_5">Cocoon foundations: Input Modules</h3>
+<p>
+ The implementation of <span class="codefrag">site:</span> linking is heavily based on
+ Cocoon <a href="http://cocoon.apache.org/2.1/userdocs/concepts/modules.html">Input Modules</a>, a
+ little-known but quite powerful aspect of Cocoon. Input Modules are
+ generic Components which simply allow you to look up a value with a
+ key. The value is generally dynamically generated, or obtained by
+ querying an underlying data source.
+ </p>
+<p>
+ In particular, Cocoon contains an <span class="codefrag">XMLFileModule</span>, which
+ lets one look up the value of an XML node, by interpreting the key as
+ an XPath expression. Cocoon also has a
+ <span class="codefrag">SimpleMappingMetaModule</span>, which allows the key to be
+ rewritten before it is used to look up a value.
+ </p>
+<p>
+ The idea for putting these together to rewrite "<span class="codefrag">site:</span>"
+ links was described in <a href="http://marc.theaimsgroup.com/?t=103992708800001&amp;r=1&amp;w=2">this
+ thread</a>. The idea is to write a Cocoon Transformer that triggers
+ on encountering &lt;link href="<span class="codefrag">scheme:address</span>"&gt;, and
+ interprets the <span class="codefrag">scheme:address</span> internal URI as
+ <span class="codefrag">inputmodule:key</span>. The transformer then uses the named
+ InputModule to look up the key value. The <span class="codefrag">scheme:address</span>
+ URI is then rewritten with the found value. This transformer was
+ implemented as
+ <a href="http://cocoon.apache.org/2.1/apidocs/org/apache/cocoon/transformation/LinkRewriterTransformer.html">LinkRewriterTransformer</a>,
+ currently distributed as a "block" in Cocoon 2.1
+ (see <a href="http://cocoon.apache.org/2.1/apidocs/org/apache/cocoon/transformation/LinkRewriterTransformer.html">API docs</a>).
+ </p>
+<a name="implement_rewriting"></a>
+<h3 class="underlined_5">Implementing "site:" rewriting</h3>
+<p>
+ Using the above components, "<span class="codefrag">site:</span>" URI rewriting is
+ accomplished as follows.
+ </p>
+<a name="cocoon_xconf"></a>
+<h4>cocoon.xconf</h4>
+<p>
+ First, we declare all the input modules we will be needing:
+ </p>
+<pre class="code">
+
+&lt;!-- For the site: scheme --&gt;
+&lt;component-instance
+ class="org.apache.cocoon.components.modules.input.XMLFileModule"
+ logger="core.modules.xml" name="linkmap"/&gt;
+
+&lt;!-- Links to URIs within the site --&gt;
+&lt;component-instance
+ class="org.apache.cocoon.components.modules.input.SimpleMappingMetaModule"
+ logger="core.modules.mapper" name="site"/&gt;
+
+&lt;!-- Links to external URIs, as distinct from 'site' URIs --&gt;
+&lt;component-instance
+ class="org.apache.cocoon.components.modules.input.SimpleMappingMetaModule"
+ logger="core.modules.mapper" name="ext"/&gt;
+
+ </pre>
+<ul>
+
+<li>
+<strong>linkmap</strong> will provide access to the contents of
+ <span class="codefrag">site.xml</span>; for example, <span class="codefrag">linkmap:/site/about/index/@href</span>
+ would return the value "index.html".</li>
+
+<li>
+<strong>site</strong> provides a "mask" over
+ <strong>linkmap</strong> such that <span class="codefrag">site:index</span> expands
+ to <span class="codefrag">linkmap:/site//index/@href</span>
+</li>
+
+<li>
+<strong>ext</strong> provides another "mask" over
+ <strong>linkmap</strong>, such that <span class="codefrag">ext:ant</span> would
+ expand to <span class="codefrag">linkmap:/site/external-refs//ant/@href</span>
+</li>
+
+</ul>
+<p>
+ However at the moment, we have only declared the input modules. They
+ will be configured in <span class="codefrag">sitemap.xmap</span> as described in the
+ next section.
+ </p>
+<a name="sitemap"></a>
+<h4>sitemap.xmap</h4>
+<p>
+ Now in the sitemap, we define the LinkRewriterTransformer, and
+ insert it into any pipelines which deal with user-editable XML
+ content:
+ </p>
+<pre class="code">
+
+....
+&lt;!-- Rewrites links, e.g. transforming
+ href="site:index" to href="../index.html"
+--&gt;
+&lt;map:transformer name="linkrewriter"
+ logger="sitemap.transformer.linkrewriter"
+ src="org.apache.cocoon.transformation.LinkRewriterTransformer"&gt;
+ &lt;link-attrs&gt;href src&lt;/link-attrs&gt;
+ &lt;schemes&gt;site ext&lt;/schemes&gt;
+
+ &lt;input-module name="site"&gt;
+ &lt;input-module name="linkmap"&gt;
+ &lt;file src="{src}" reloadable="false" /&gt;
+ &lt;/input-module&gt;
+ &lt;prefix&gt;/site//&lt;/prefix&gt;
+ &lt;suffix&gt;/@href&lt;/suffix&gt;
+ &lt;/input-module&gt;
+ &lt;input-module name="ext"&gt;
+ &lt;input-module name="linkmap"&gt;
+ &lt;file src="{src}" reloadable="false" /&gt;
+ &lt;/input-module&gt;
+ &lt;prefix&gt;/site/external-refs//&lt;/prefix&gt;
+ &lt;suffix&gt;/@href&lt;/suffix&gt;
+ &lt;/input-module&gt;
+&lt;/map:transformer&gt;
+....
+....
+&lt;map:match pattern="**body-*.html"&gt;
+ &lt;map:generate src="cocoon:/{1}{2}.xml"/&gt;
+ &lt;map:transform type="idgen"/&gt;
+ &lt;map:transform type="xinclude"/&gt;
+ &lt;map:transform type="linkrewriter" src="cocoon:/{1}linkmap-{2}.html"/&gt;
+ ...
+&lt;/map:match&gt;
+ </pre>
+<p>
+ As you can see, our three input modules are configured as part of
+ the LinkRewriterTransformer's configuration.
+ </p>
+<ul>
+
+<li>
+<p>
+ Most deeply nested, we have:
+ </p>
+
+<pre class="code">
+
+ &lt;input-module name="linkmap"&gt;
+ &lt;file src="{src}" reloadable="false" /&gt;
+ &lt;/input-module&gt;
+ </pre>
+
+<p>
+ The "<span class="codefrag">{src}</span>" text is expanded to the value of the
+ "<span class="codefrag">src</span>" attribute in the "<span class="codefrag">linkrewriter</span>"
+ instance, namely "<span class="codefrag">cocoon:/{1}linkmap-{2}.html</span>" Thus
+ the <span class="codefrag">linkmap</span> module reads dynamically generated XML
+ specific to the current request.
+ </p>
+</li>
+
+<li>
+<p>
+ One level out, we configure the "<span class="codefrag">site</span>" and
+ "<span class="codefrag">ext</span>" input modules, to map onto our dynamically
+ configured "<span class="codefrag">linkmap</span>" module.
+ </p>
+</li>
+
+<li>
+<p>
+ Then at the outermost level, we configure the
+ "<span class="codefrag">linkrewriter</span>" transformer. First we tell it which
+ attributes to consider rewriting:
+ </p>
+
+<pre class="code">
+
+ &lt;link-attrs&gt;href src&lt;/link-attrs&gt;
+ &lt;schemes&gt;site ext&lt;/schemes&gt;
+ </pre>
+
+<p>
+ So, "<span class="codefrag">href</span>" and "<span class="codefrag">src</span>" attributes
+ starting with "<span class="codefrag">site:</span>" or "<span class="codefrag">ext:</span>" are
+ rewritten.
+ </p>
+
+<p>
+ By nesting the "<span class="codefrag">site</span>" and "<span class="codefrag">ext</span>" input
+ modules in the "<span class="codefrag">linkrewriter</span>" configuration, we
+ tell "<span class="codefrag">linkrewriter</span>" to use these two input modules
+ when rewriting links.
+ </p>
+</li>
+
+</ul>
+<p>
+ The end result is that, for example, the source XML for the
+ <span class="codefrag">community/body-index.html</span> page has its links rewritten
+ by an XMLFileModule reading XML from
+ <span class="codefrag">cocoon:/community/linkmap-index.html</span>
+
+</p>
+<a name="dynamic_linkmap"></a>
+<h4>Dynamically generating a linkmap</h4>
+<p>
+ Why do we need this "linkmap" pipeline generating dynamic XML from
+ <span class="codefrag">site.xml</span>, instead of just using <span class="codefrag">site.xml</span> directly? The reasons are described
+ in <a href="http://marc.theaimsgroup.com/?l=forrest-dev&amp;m=103444028129281&amp;w=2">the linkmap RT</a>: we need to
+ concatenate @hrefs and add dot-dots to the paths, depending on which
+ directory the linkee is in. This is done with the following
+ pipelines in <span class="codefrag">linkmap.xmap</span> ...
+ </p>
+<pre class="code">
+
+&lt;!-- site.xml with @href's appended to be context-relative. --&gt;
+&lt;map:match pattern="abs-linkmap"&gt;
+ &lt;map:generate src="content/xdocs/site.xml" /&gt;
+ &lt;map:transform src="resources/stylesheets/absolutize-linkmap.xsl" /&gt;
+ &lt;map:serialize type="xml" /&gt;
+&lt;/map:match&gt;
+
+&lt;!-- Linkmap for regular pages --&gt;
+&lt;map:match pattern="**linkmap-*"&gt;
+ &lt;map:generate src="cocoon://abs-linkmap" /&gt;
+ &lt;map:transform src="resources/stylesheets/relativize-linkmap.xsl"&gt;
+ &lt;map:parameter name="path" value="{1}{2}" /&gt;
+ &lt;map:parameter name="site-root" value="{conf:project-url}" /&gt;
+ &lt;/map:transform&gt;
+ &lt;map:serialize type="xml" /&gt;
+&lt;/map:match&gt;
+
+ </pre>
+<p>
+ You can try these URIs out directly on a live Forrest to see what is
+ going on (for example, Forrest's own
+ <a href="../abs-linkmap">abs-linkmap</a>).
+ </p>
+</div>
+
+</div>
+<!--+
+ |end content
+ +-->
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+<a href="../docs_0_100/howto/multi/howto-multi.html">Introduction</a>
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+<a href="../docs_0_100/status-themes.html">Dispatcher versus Skins</a>
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+</div>
+</div>
+</div>
+<div id="credit">
+<hr>
+ This is documentation for development version v0.10-dev
+ (<a href="http://forrest.apache.org/versions/">More</a>)</div>
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+<img style="display: none" class="corner" height="15" width="15" alt="" src="../skin/images/rc-b-l-15-1body-2menu-3menu.png"></div>
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+ &nbsp;<input value="+a" class="biggerfont" title="Enlarge text" onclick="ndeSetTextSize('incr'); return false;" type="button">
+</div>
+<h1>Skin packaging, provision, and use</h1>
+<h3>Automated distributed skin packages</h3>
+<div id="front-matter">
+<div id="motd-area">
+ This is documentation for development version v0.10-dev
+ (<a href="http://forrest.apache.org/versions/">More</a>)</div>
+<div id="minitoc-area">
+<ul class="minitoc">
+<li>
+<a href="#overview">Overview</a>
+</li>
+<li>
+<a href="#notes">Notes</a>
+</li>
+</ul>
+</div>
+</div>
+
+<a name="overview"></a>
+<h2 class="underlined_10">Overview</h2>
+<div class="section">
+<p>
+ Skins are standard zip archives with a *.zip extension. This enables
+ them to be unpacked and installed automatically.
+ </p>
+<p>
+ To publish a skin:
+ </p>
+<pre class="code">
+1 - forrest package-skin
+The skin package will be made in the skin dir, next to the custom skin.
+2 - place the file in a directory on a web server
+3 - ask forrest-dev to add the url and the skin name to the list of skins
+</pre>
+<p>
+ To use a custom skin with automatic download:
+ </p>
+<pre class="code">
+1 - set the skin property in forrest.properties to the name of the skin
+2 - forrest install-skin
+3 - forrest
+</pre>
+<p>
+ Currently there are two test skins: "testskin" and "testskin2"
+ </p>
+<p>
+ To see the names of the remote skins:
+ </p>
+<pre class="code">forrest available-skins</pre>
+</div>
+
+<a name="notes"></a>
+<h2 class="underlined_10">Notes</h2>
+<div class="section">
+<p>
+ The skin will get blown away by the next 'build clean' in forrest. But
+ that is okay because it is so quick to go get another copy. Also it may
+ be preferable to get a fresh copy. If the user wanted to keep the skin
+ and perhaps enhance it, then they can copy it to their project.
+ </p>
+</div>
+
+</div>
+<!--+
+ |end content
+ +-->
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+ Copyright &copy;
+ 2002-2011 <a href="http://www.apache.org/licenses/">The Apache Software Foundation. Licensed under Apache License 2.0</a>
+<br>
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+ logos are trademarks of The Apache Software Foundation.
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